Community Financing: The Future of Eco-Societies

Ecology is the study of interactions among living things and their environment. It provides new understanding of these vital systems as they are now, and how they may change in the future.

Financial and economic issues underlie virtually every sustainable development decision that must be made over the coming years. The Future Earth Finance and Economics Knowledge-Action Network focuses on improving the understanding of sustainability through the lens of business, economics, finance, and their inter-dependencies.

Why is Ecology Important?

Ecology enriches our world and is crucial for human wellbeing and prosperity. Finding a community-first ethical mortgage financier provides new knowledge of the interdependence between people and nature: vital for food production, maintaining clean air and water, and sustaining biodiversity in a changing climate.

Can we conserve habitat and its biodiversity?

Yes. Ecology provides the essential basis for nature conservation. Maintaining a mosaic of habitats ensures the survival of a rich variety of species. From the Swan coastal plain to the valleys around Perth, from the Esperance plains to the jarrah-karri eucalyptus forests, southwest Australia has the highest concentration of rare and endangered species on the entire continent. Studies have helped identify how to preserve its ecological characteristic.

Can we predict the ecological effects of pollution and climate change?

Governments and citizens around the world are increasingly aware of the consequences of atmospheric pollution and climate change. In large-scale experiments, plants and animals are exposed to carefully controlled atmospheres and different ecological conditions. Scientists use this information to understand how they respond to pollution levels and make predictions about future climate change.

Can we fish the ocean without depleting its riches?

It is possible, and does depend on where we are in the world. In the Antarctic, the marine ecosystem is currently managed as a whole under an international agreement to conserve living resources. This makes it easier to understand marine communities and their interactions, as well as help monitor, threatened species more closely.

How does forest destruction affect bird populations?

We developed a measure called the loss index to communicate how habitat loss affects many Australian bird species. Across Victoria, into South Australia and New South Wales, more than 60% of 262 native birds have each lost more than half of their original natural habitat, with the majority of these species not formally recognised as being threatened with extinction.

It’s a similar story in the Brigalow belt of central NSW and Queensland. The brighter picture is in the northern savannas across the top of Australia where large tracts of native vegetation remain  –  notwithstanding the pervasive threat of bushfire.

In some areas, such as southeast Queensland and the tropics of north Queensland, the removal of a single hectare of forest habitat can affect up to 180 different species. Small loss affects large numbers of mostly common species that may not remain so common.

Forests across the world today continue to be cleared and converted for use. 2005 marked the year that more than 80% of the high-forest in Ghana had been cleared in just 100 years. Researchers use ecological studies to advise on land conversion and how to lower the impact on native species.

Should mangroves be protected?

Mangroves play several ecological roles. From fixing sediment, to acting as a nursery for young fish Mangrove forests are also a source of food, medicine, and firewood for local populations. It is a multipurpose ecosystem, and ecologists’ understanding of this unique ecosystem shows they are very sensitive to change and require sustainable management to preserve their biodiversity.

This is what makes Community Financing and Eco-Societies so important; it the integrated and indivisible balancing of the dimensions of sustainable development  –  the economic, the social and the environmental.

Emergency Dentists Need SEO During Coronavirus

If you run a cafe right now, you’re truly suffering.

In fact most small businesses.

Government, media and big business – you’re doing great! Supermarket sales are up, up and away.

In some unusual cases, some industries can do some business.

Take dentists for example.

They can perform emergency dentistry but nothing else.

Suddenly all those things they were ranking high for on Google don’t matter so much.

They’ll sure matter again in the future, in the post-coronavirus new world order, where most small businesses will be wiped off and the world will still function in some ways.

People and dentists have been asked to suspend “non-essential or non-urgent dental care”.

Dentists work around the area that can potentially transmit the most – the mouth, teeth and around the nose. These areas are unavoidable during the treatment. So it is a risk both for the dentist and the patient.” He added, “The Australian Dental Association has taken the right decision to put routine dental procedures on hold for now. The best thing would be to consult the dentist over the phone who can recommend some home remedies.”

Some of the machines and equipment used in dental treatments produce aerosol or tiny water droplets in the air, said Dr Stewart Hopkins, head of the department of dentistry, Sydney Dental North Shore Clinic. “Aerosol may be infected so inhaling those droplets only increases the risk. It is therefore beneficial both for the dentist and patient to avoid non-urgent dental treatment during this time.”

The AMA suggests that one should especially avoid visiting dental departments functioning out of hospitals to minimise exposure to infection while making space for other infected patients who need immediate care. Visit the dentist only in case of an emergency health issue, they advised.

Tips for dental care at home

Maintaining good oral hygiene is important for boosting immunity and fighting the virus, Dr Hopkins said. Here are some dental care tips you can practise at home, as suggested by the doctors.
1. One can follow standard dental care procedure at home. Avoid consuming food that is too hot or too cold if you are sensitive so that the pain does not aggravate. Diet control is crucial.
2. One should also avoid applying pain relief balms topically or it can increase the swelling.
3. Brush your teeth twice daily or use medicated mouthwashes. There are some pastes for tooth sensitivity also that can be used to keep the infection under control meanwhile, till the time you visit a dentist.
4. Wash your hands frequently with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitiser. Clean the toothbrush properly after use to ensure it is not contaminated.
5. The most common dental issue is toothache, for which you can have paracetamol. Consult the dentist if there is uncontrolled pain who can recommend the required cure.

So the truth of the matter is that dentists should be reconsidering their medical and dental SEO strategies and ensuring they put every resource into ranking for the term “emergency dentist”.

Waste Management In The Fisheries Industry

I think that everyone would agree with me on one thing, rotting fish stinks. Waste management in the fishing industry is a vital component to its harmonious existence with environment and neighbours. Living next door to a fish processing unit would, I think, take some getting used to. What are the requirements for the management of waste in a fish processing factory? In some countries the solid fish waste is recycled at plants into fish meal; and this goes into animal feeds and other non-human uses. The liquid waste is, then, usually disposed of via the municipal sewage system or into a body of nearby water.

Ecological assessments are made by the appropriate environmental protection agency as to the chemical makeup of the liquid waste and whether it can be naturally broken down by the environment. Primary and secondary treatments can be made upon this waste matter if it adjudged to be necessary. These can include the removal of floating and settling solids within the liquid matter. Biological and physiochemical treatments can be added to help the natural environment to process the waste matter, if required.

Generally, the fishing industry has a good historical record of utilising as much of the fish as possible in the processing of fish. Fish by-products have been valuable things to humans over millennia; fish was used as a glue by the ancients in many civilisations. If you have ever spent any time cleaning fish waste you will know that it sets like glue and is bloody hard to clean off. Fish meal goes into plant fertilisers, and feeds other fish in aquaculture, and feeds livestock in other situations. Fish waste is an issue in overcrowded fish factory farming and the use of chemicals and antibiotics to deal with this has been roundly criticised by concerned environmentalists.

Waste management in the fisheries industry is a waste management and recycling issue like every other industry. There are positives and there are negatives in various manifestations of the fishing industry. Eco warriors see ocean based fish farming as a serious threat to wild stocks of fish because of the risks of contamination from run-offs in bad weather. If these pesticides, antibiotics and hormones reach stocks of wild fish they may permanently damage their eco systems. Greater government scrutiny of this industry is needed to make sure that these things do not happen. Aquaculture has a bright future but it must be controlled and guided toward positive outcomes.

Fishing Getting Digital: Technology for the Future Fisher

Fishing for the average Joe is a peaceful pursuit involving a rod, a line and a body of water. The ancient mariner has become an archetypal character, thanks to Samuel Taylor Coleridge and his Rime of the Ancient Mariner poem. Hemingway gave us his Old Man and the Sea; another meditation on man’s relationship to the ocean. When I think about fishing I think of Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn on their raft on the river; the Mississippi I imagine. What I am alluding to here is that fishing’s iconography is, in my mind, caught up with raw humanity in its primitive form. Things are changing in the real world however.

Readers of my first paragraph, who fish regularly, can probably tell that I don’t get out much and actually fish these days: perhaps I never did. My fishing experiences are way too literary, when the reality is a lot of swearing and tangled lines; for the rank amateur angler anyway. The thing is that fishing is like everything else and the digital age is finally catching up with fishing. Fishing getting digital: technology for the future fisher is already here. Fishing is big on social media for recreational anglers to brag and show off their catches. The FishBrain app allows fishing enthusiasts to share pictures of their catch without giving away their location. Secret fishing spots are the most lucrative in terms of size of catch. Social media marketing management can probably aid these app developers in promoting their products to the recreational fishing base market. Microsoft Dynamics CRM can allow recreational fishing businesses to service their customers through better relationships. Digital technology is improving fishing efficiency across the board.

Most digital technologies in fishing have impacted on the fishing boats; enabling sonar and maps to be read in 3D. Digital map data has been revolutionised by software, now capable of making it easily readable and therefore very useful to the angler. Sonar and sounders can locate and identify fish schools, making life much easier for the fisherman. Of course, as is the situation with hunters who track deer, elk and other wild animals with high tech devices and weapons, it is manifestly unfair. Fishermen are marine hunters and they have caught up with their land based comrades in shooting fish out of a barrel. No more is it just dangling a line over a bridge with a wriggling worm on your hook.

Fish Farming: The Adult Chat We Need To Have About Eco and Human Health

Aquaculture, also known as fish farming, was hailed as a solution to the rapidly declining fish stocks around the globe. So many of us love to eat fish and enjoy its health benefits, as well as yummy taste. However, it seemed that fishing was a pursuit suitable to a bygone era and not one able to satisfy a world with a population of seven billion people. Fishing by capture was, and still is, wiping out fish stocks in return for short term profits. Fish farming was seen to be the answer to that problem.

Fish farming: the adult chat we need to have about eco and human health sees a few bumps in the road ahead. Fish farms are great for business, profits and efficiency – but are they good for human health and the environment? There have been repeated issues involving contamination, massive uses of antibiotics, pesticides and hormones in the aquaculture business. Fish, let’s face it, were not designed to be farmed; and crowding fish together creates stress and lots of shit. Fish farmers deal with this by adding chemicals to the mix and so there are numerous health issues with farmed fish. The more antibiotics we put into the food chain, the more problems we have with drug resistant bacteria in our health system.

Environmentalists are, generally, heavily against aquaculture because of its potential affect on wild fish stocks through contamination and its use of potentially toxic chemical in the eco system. They, of course, would have us all eating tofu and other soy products; which have health risks of their own. I see, fish farming going through a learning and development phase; as all types of farming have over the centuries. Industries need time to evolve and innovate toward best practice; but in the meantime aquaculture must be closely monitored by government agencies to protect human health and the environment. The vegan vegetarians cannot have it all their own way, we need to feed the planet and we need to manage sustainable fishing around the globe. Aquaculture has its place in the bigger scheme of things; it needs time to innovate and improve.

Environmentalists, ultimately, want to control and reduce the world’s population, so that they can enjoy their solitary fantasy of a bit of whale watching on a lonely shore. The reality is that the world is a teeming place full of hungry human beings; and watching wildlife in contemplation is not going to get the job done.

12 Fisheries Agencies around the World

Government fishery agencies around the world are charged with the stewardship and management of their nation’s marine resources and habitats. These bodies are all that really stand between an economic rapaciousness, which would invariably deplete fish stocks and destroy fisheries within the territorial waters of that country, and the precarious balance that we have now. Unfortunately the international agencies responsible for international waters are pretty much toothless tigers that can’t swim; to chop up a metaphor like a sushi salad. Here are 12 fishery agencies around the world:

The National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) is the United States federal agency responsible for the living marine resources and their habitats. Better known as NOAA Fisheries, because it is a division of the National Oceanic and Atmosphere Administration, this government body makes sure that fishery regulations are complied with and monitors fish stocks.

In the United Kingdom, the Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Cefas), under the auspices of the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, looks after fisheries, biodiversity and the aquatic environment.

In Canberra, Australia, the Australian Fisheries Management Authority (AFMA) manages marine resources on behalf of its citizens. It looks after commercial fisheries, monitoring fish stocks and their habitats.

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation’s Fisheries and Aquaculture Department states that their mission is to “strengthen global governance and the managerial and technical capacities of members” in regard to the utilisation and conservation of aquatic resources.

In Europe, the Maritime Affairs and Fisheries agency looks after the maritime economy and sustainable fisheries.

In Canada, Fisheries and Oceans Canada is the responsible body for maritime resources and sustainable fisheries.

In India, one of the world’s most populous nations, the Department of Animal Husbandry Dairying and Fisheries controls the fishing industry.

In Japan, the marine resources are under the direction of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.

The Russian government has a Federal Agency for Fishery which manages this industry.

Iceland has a number of government bodies involved in the vitally important fishing industry, one of them is the Directorate of Fisheries, which monitors fisheries.

In Norway, the Directorate of Fisheries is responsible for the management of fish stocks and habitats.

In New Zealand, the Ministry for Primary Industries is responsible for that country’s fisheries.

These are 12 fishery agencies around the world that are responsible for managing sustainable fishing industries in their nations or member states.


Fish Depletion a Toxic Undercurrent for the Fishing Industry

Overfishing by large commercial fleets is killing the industry; and fish may soon become an unknown delicacy for many of our children. Already, buying quality local fish in the store is an expensive mealtime option. I refuse to purchase the cheap fish in my supermarket that is imported from around the world, because, I think, it supports unsustainable fishing practices. I love eating fish, but it seems that we cannot be trusted to manage this resource with any fair minded sense. It is all about making money today and there is no thought for tomorrow.

I have always said that capitalism cannot be trusted to be the determining factor in the food and health industries. By this I mean that the profit motive will not ensure lasting stocks of fish, will not guarantee the sale of healthy food and will not look after the best interests of both rich and poor when it comes to their health. That is why we have governments and their agencies to protect the interests of the powerless and the silent. Fish need to be protected from rapacious commercial fishing outfits. Fish populations are declining in many of the world’s fisheries. A debt collection agency will not be able to return this valuable resource to humanity’s future generations.

Over half of the globe’s fisheries are being fully exploited, and a third are, either, overexploited, declining in stocks or recovering from depletion. Overfishing is the result of destructive commercial fishing practices, poor management by fishery bodies, subsidised fishing industries and foreign fishing fleets overfishing in the waters of developing nations due to exploitative fishery partnership agreements. Fish species such as the orange roughy, blue ling, monkfish and Patagonian toothfish have had their populations depleted to dangerous levels. Deep water fishing by trawlers are destroying valuable fish stocks in record amounts.

Aquaculture, fish farming, is producing 41.9 million tonnes of fish, compared with the 92.4 million tonnes garnered through marine capture, according to statistics provided by the State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture report in 2010. Fish depletion a toxic undercurrent for the fishing industry is right on the money; and the effects on biocultures and communities dependent on fishing are going to be huge. If we as a collective species do not intervene we will fish out the oceans and what a sad day that will be for future generations. Manage the industry properly now and we may have a chance to rectify this situation. Sustainable fishing practices must be enforced across the globe.